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成考英语复习资料:状语从句

  • 时间:2018-07-13 15:51

距离2018年成人高考仅剩3个月的时间了,大家复习的怎么样了呢?今天我们整理了成考英语复习资料状语从句的语法大全,希望对大家备考成考有帮助。

时间状语从句
(1)when,as,
a)when表示“当…时”。when引出的时间状语从句,其中的动词既可以是延续性动作的动词,也可以是瞬间性动作动词。可以表示主句的动作和从句的动作同时发生,或者从句的动作发生在主句的动作之前。
如:When you apply for a job,you must present your credentials.当你申请工作时,你必须递交你的有关证件。(同时
When the students heard the teache's footsteps,they all stopped talking. 当学生们听到老师的脚步声时,他们都停止了说话。(从句动作发生在前
when还可以表示just then(正在那时)的意思,此时其引导的从句只放在主句之后。
如:we were about to start when it began to rain.我们正要动身,突然下起雨来。
b)while表示“在…期间”或“在某一段时间里”,其所引导的从句的动作是延续性的,并侧重表示和主句动作的同时发生。
如:While the teacher paraphrased the text in English,the students listened attentively and took notes.当老师用英语阐释课文时,同学们注意地听并且做着笔记。
The door bell rang while I was watching TV.我正在看电视的时候门铃响了。
while 还可以做并列连词,相当于whereas,连接一个表示对比的并列分句。
如:Mary was dressed in blue while Jane was dressed in red.玛丽穿蓝色的衣服,而珍妮穿红色的衣服。
c)as 表示“当…时”或“一边…一边”。他引导的时间状语从句的动作也是延续性的,并且侧重主句动作和从句动作的同时发生。
如:As the students walked to their dorms,they sang happily.学生们一边往宿舍走,一边快乐的唱着歌。
(2)whenever,each time,every time任何时候;每当
如:Whenever/Every time/Each time I met her,she was studying.我每次看见她时,她总是在学习。
(3)since(自从),ever since(从那时起一直到现在
since,ever since 引导的从句通常用一般过去时,主句中的谓语动词用完成时。
如:We have never met since we graduated from the college.我们自从大学毕业后就没有见过面。
(4)before(在……之前),after(在……之后
before 引导的从句一般表示主句的动作发生在从句动作之前,如从句是过去时,主句一般要用过去完成时。after引导的从句,表示主句的动作发生在从句的动作之后,如主句是过去时,从句一般用过去完成时。
如:I had written my dissertation before my supervisor went abroad.在导师出国之前,我已完成了我的学位论文。
After the boy had finished his homework,he played football with his friends.这个小男孩在完成作业后,和他的小伙伴们踢了一会球。
(5)till,
如果主句的谓语动词是延续性动词,就常用肯定式表示“直到……为止”
如:He will remain in college until(till)he finished his Ph.D course.他将留在学校里面直到完成他的博士学位课程。
如果主句的谓语动词是瞬间动词,就常用否定表示“直到……才”
如:I will not go with you until(till)I finish my homework.等我做完作业我才和你一起去。
(6)as soon as,immediately,directly,once,the moment,no sooner…than,hardly…when等引导的从句都表示从句的动作一发生,主句的动作随即就发生了。即“一……就”。
如:As soon as we got home,the telephone rang.我们一到家,电话就响了。
注:no sooner…than, hardly…when引导的从句,主句中的动词用过去完成时,从句用过去时。且no sooner, hardly位于句首,要倒装主句的主谓。
He had no sooner arrived home than he was asked to start on another journey.他一到家,就又要出另一次差。
地点状语从句
引导地点状语从句的连词有:where (在……地方),wherever (无论哪里),everywhere (到处),anywhere (任何地方)等。
如:Where there is a will,there is a way. 有志者事竟成。
You can go wherever you like these days.这些天你可以去你想去的地方。
原因状语从句
(1)because表示人们不知道的直接的原因或理由,着重点在从句,即because引出的从句为全句句意的中心所在。通常用于回答why提出的疑问,语气最强,除了特别强调外,该从句一般位于主句后面。
since表示对方已知的、无须加以说明的既成事实的理由。全句的中心在主句上,语气比because弱,译为“既然”。引出的状语从句一般放在句首。
as表示十分明显的原因,一般说明因果关系,着重点在主句,语气更弱,常译为“由于”。引出的状语从句一般放在句首。
for 引出的分句,语气最弱,主要是补充说明原因,解释另外一个分句,且只能放在句子后部。
如:I didn't go abroad with her because I couldn't afford it.我没有和她一起出国是因为费用太高。
Since traveling by air is much faster,they decided to take a plane.既然乘飞机旅行快得多,他们就决定坐飞机。
As it is snowing,we shall not climb the mountain.由于在下雪,我们就不爬山了。
It must have rained last night,for the ground is wet.昨晚准下雨了,地面是湿的。
(2)now that, seeing that, considering that, in that表示鉴于,由于。in that只能放在主句之后。
如:Now that you have passed your test,you can drive on your own.你驾驶考试既然已经合格,就可以独自开车了。
Seeing that the weather is bad,we'll stay at home.由于天气不好,我们要呆在家了。
I am in a slightly awkward position,in that he‘s not arriving until 10th.我的处境有点难堪,因为他要十号才来。
条件状语从句
(1)if (如果),unless(除非);unless相当于
如:I will buy a computer if I am able to save up enough money. 如果我能存下足够的钱,我就买台电脑。
Unless the weather was bad,my father always used to take a walk in the evening.除非天气不好,我的父亲晚上总是去散步。
(2)suppose/supposing that,provided/providing that(假如
如:Supposing that it rains,can we play the match indoors?要是下雨,我们在室内比赛行吗
Iwill agree to go provided that my expenses are paid.假如为我负担费用,我就同意去。
让步状语从句
although,though引导让步状语从句,主句不能用 “but”。
如:Although they lack official support,they continue their struggle.他们虽然没有得到官方的支持,但仍然继续奋斗。
as虽然,尽管。引导让步状语,常放在作表语、状语的形容词、名词、副词后面。
如:Strong as you may be,you can not lift it. 尽管你可能很有力气,你却无法把他提起来。
Hard as he tried,he was unable to make much progress.他虽然竭尽全力,但是没有取得多大的进步。
目的状语从句
so that, in order that 。 引导目的状语从句,从句的谓语常用can,could,may,might,shall,should,will, would等情态动词。in order that可以位于主句的前面或后面。so that引导的从句只能放在主句之后。
如:They started early so that they might arrive in time.他们早点动身,以便准时到达。
In order that they could go around West Lake,they stopped at Hangzhou.为了游览西湖,他们在杭州停了下来。
结果状语从句
(1)so …that;such…that表示“如此……以至于”
so 后面通常接形容词或副词。such后面通常为名词。如果名词前有many,much等修饰,要用so…
such+a/an+adj+单数名词+that可以换成so+adj.+a/an+单数名词
如:There is so little time left that I have to tell you about it later.现在剩下的时间不多了,我只只好以后再给你讲这事。
2003年第17小题:
(2)so that“以至于,所以”。引导的结果状语从句之前可以有逗号。
如:She phoned me on arrival so that I knew she was safe and sound.她到达之后给我打了电话,我知道她平安无恙。
注:so that可以引导结果状语从句也可以引导目的状语从句,除了根据句意来判断外,还可以根据结构形式来判断。若从句前有逗号,一般为结果状语从句。如果从句中有情态动词,一般则为目的状语从句。
如:They started out early,so that they did not miss the train.他们早早出发了,所以没有误了火车。(结果状语
They started out early so that they would not miss the train.他们早早出发是为了不误火车。(目的状语
方式状语从句
(1)as(正如)引导方式状语从句
如:She enjoys all kinds of music,as I do.她各种音乐都喜爱,和我一样。
Why didn't you catch the last bus as I told you to?你怎么不听我的话赶乘末班公共汽车呢
注:口语中like可以用作连词,当作as 使用。
如:Nobody understands him like /as I do. 没有人能像我这样理解他。
(2)as if/though(好像)引导方式状语从句往往用虚拟,表示与事实相反。
如:They looked at me as if /as though I were mad.他们看着我好像我发疯了似的。
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